Calling All Machinists

This is an article that was published in the Popular Mechanics magazine
Written by the Tonight Show host Jay Leno

BY JAY LENO, Photos By John Lamm

Leno's cars, like his '32 Packard, don't just look good.
They run right and that means he needs skilled
machinists to make parts.

Nowadays, if I meet younger people who run machine shops, they're working there because it
was their father's machine shop. You don't see a lot of young guys starting machine shops.
But it's a respectable trade and there's still a lot of money to be made. Take the guy who used
to be in the building next to mine. He made airplane parts and his business got so big he outgrew
the space. This was a guy with a little machine shop with a bunch of machinists. He made $14
million the year he left. I'll tell you how he did it.  There are tons of phony airplane parts
coming from Asia and other sources that are stamped "Approved." Trouble is, they're not approved
by anyone that matters. So the big airlines would come there and say, "We need 600 titanium bolts."
Then they would have to have somebody stand there while the guy made the bolts out of titanium.
So the work never got out of the airlines' hands. When the bolts were done, they were stamped,
graded and delivered. You have to understand that some critical aircraft bolts are 4 grand apiece,
because the only way you can ensure that the bolts are being made right-there's such a black
market for counterfeiting aircraft parts-is to pay a trustworthy man to watch each and every
part being machined. That's why they're so expensive. So bolt by bolt, this guy's a millionaire.
What a difference from years past. In the old days technology was expensive and labor was cheap.
Look at my 8.0-liter Bentley. You've got about 75 acorn nuts holding the water jacket on. When
this car was built you could pay a guy 10 cents an hour to sit there all day and tighten acorn nuts.
Now it's just the opposite: Labor's expensive and technology is incredibly cheap. It's odd, but
I'm not simply talking about physical labor today. I'm talking about people with real skills. 	
I watched "Dateline NBC" a while back and they had some guy on who was a math genius. You could
throw him a column of figures and he could add them up quicker than you could on a computer. There
are guys like that with machinery, guys who can just look at an engine and know all there is to
know about it. Take the late Harry Miller, a real American genius-aesthetically and mechanically.
Here was a man who made racing parts and engines in the 1920s and 1930s that looked like beautiful
sculpture, but they actually worked. I don't believe Miller was a trained engineer-he was just an
intuitive engineer. I don't think he went to MIT or anything like that. But he had the vision. So
did Ettore Bugatti. And they had shops full of guys who had the skills to machine and make anything
they needed. How many guys are there like that today? I don't know. But a lot of them just get
passed by because it doesn't seem as though preserving and encouraging these skills is worthwhile.
By establishing college scholarships, I'm just trying to open up another area for kids-an area that
they may not know is available. When you're a kid, you always think you're the only one who thinks
about anything. It's like sex. You think, "My parents don't know anything about this." It's the same
type of reasoning.

I like the idea of making the job of a mechanic a respectable position. In my mind, I rank a
machinist higher than a computer operator. But I think in America's mind, a machinist is like a
Jiffy Lube guy-nothing against Jiffy Lube, but these are guys who have only the most basic automotive
skills. The machinist's craft just isn't acknowledged, probably because it's hard, meticulous,
often dirty work. People don't understand it.

When Leno needs parts for his cars, he can't usually
find what he needs on the shelves at your basic discount store.

Here's an example we should never forget. Somebody literally made all the airplanes-the fighters,
bombers and transports-we used in World War II. We didn't win the war just because we were great
fighters-not to demean anybody who fought-but we also won because we had the ability to overwhelm
the enemy in terms of skilled production and technology. Think about Henry Ford and his chief engineer,
Charlie Sorensen, figuring out how to build four-engined B-24 Liberator bombers on a mile-long
assembly line in an enormous building at Willow Run, Mich. In California, before these East Coast
guys got into the picture, they built aircraft painstakingly one at a time outside in the sun.
But under the pressure of a world conflict, a couple of mechanical geniuses figured out a better way.
Back then, we had plenty of people with the necessary skills: Kids learned machining and welding
in high school, then they worked as apprentices until they mastered these trades. We built things
that were very well done. And we did it all in America. Take my '32 Packard V12. It was built in
Detroit, but some of the parts came from as far away as South Bend, Ind. The whole thing was made
here, most of it under one roof. That doesn't happen anymore and it worries me. You think about
another world war and you say to yourself, "Uh oh."

I needed high-speed gears made for one of my Duesenbergs. They're hypoid and helical. I found people
who could make one or the other, but not both. I couldn't find anyone to make them. There wasn't one
company in this entire country. Every gear cutter I tried told me that all the machines had been sold.
Some went to Korea, some to China. But I called a company in India and they could make the gears. And
I guess that would be okay. But finally, through an older man in Chicago, someone 10 years past
retirement, I was able to get them made. And all it took was 18 months. But a few years ago, this job
could be done within a few miles of Burbank Airport, right near my garage. I don't know if that means
anything to a lot of people but it's important to me. All these venture capitalists today don't make
anything. When they're dead, there's nothing left. Years ago, people made things that lasted. There
was a finished product. I have a garage full of 'em. If you want to preserve old cars, you need people
with the skills to do it. We're growing a generation of kids who won't know how to work on old cars.
That's why I support the Fred Duesenberg Scholarship and POPULAR MECHANICS sponsors the
Jay Leno/POPULAR MECHANICS Scholarship at McPherson College. It's too bad, but I see a lot of
essential skills going to Mexico or Japan. You can still wander off on a side street in those
countries and see some guy making something work because he's literally whittling a piece of metal
to fit. True machinists don't think of metal as something hard and unchangeable. They can make
anything they want, or replace nearly any part that's ever been made. I have a lot of respect for
those guys. I always will.

I really enjoyed reading this article and think that Jay Leno has brought up some really good points here. I think a lot of his comments we can relate to our Antique Gas Engine hobby. Trying to find parts or Machinist to make them can be pretty tough. Thanks Jay for the great Article...

This article was printed in the magazine. 2001

Popular Mechanics

Return to the
Antique Gas Engine WebSite
Search the
Antique Gas Engine

Website designed and maintained by , Pavilion, NY. Web Hosting
Lunarpages Affiliate Program

Registered User #157284

Sun, Sparc, Ultra60 running Aurora 1.0 (RedHat Linux 7.3)

Copyright © 1995-2006 These pages were created with the antique engine hobby
in mind, and are meant entirely for fun. No copyright infringements (if any) are done intentionally.